#1 Pandemic Influenza
Another influenza pandemic is inevitable. In this interconnected world, the next global flu outbreak is a matter of “when” not “if” — with far reaching consequences. A severe pandemic could result in millions of deaths and destroy over 1% of global GDP.
In 2017, oral cholera vaccines were used to protect 4.4 million people in nine countries: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Haiti, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia and South Sudan.
Diphtheria is making an alarming comeback in countries suffering from significant gaps in healthcare provision. Venezuela, Indonesia, Yemen, and Bangladesh (Cox’s Bazar) all reported diphtheria outbreaks in 2017.
Each year, WHO estimates more than 200 million cases of malaria worldwide, with over 400,000 deaths. Approximately 90% of deaths caused by the mosquito-borne disease occur in sub-Saharan Africa, with the rest occurring in South-East Asia, South America, the Western Pacific and the Eastern Mediterranean.
A virulent new strain of meningococcal meningitis C is circulating along Africa’s meningitis belt — threatening 26 countries — at a time of acute global shortages of the meningitis C vaccine. The risk of large-scale epidemics is dangerously high and more than 34 million people could be affected.
#6 Yellow Fever
In 2016, yellow fever outbreaks in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo were only contained after mass vaccination drives reached 30 million people. In 2018, Nigeria and Brazil are tackling major outbreaks threatening urban areas.