5 Main Additional Types Of Depression
Depression is often accompanied by anxiety as well, requiring individuals to manage both at the same time. In addition to major depression, or major depressive disorder, and the variation in how long symptoms last and their severity, there are a number of other types of depression.
#1 Persistent Depressive Disorder.
Also called dysthymia, this involves depression symptoms that last for at least two years. This form of depression is not as severe as major depression, but the ongoing nature of this disorder can significantly interfere with a person’s life and relationships with the persistence of symptoms like a loss of interest in daily activities, diminished productivity and feelings of hopelessness.
#2 Perinatal Or Postpartum Depression.
Perinatal depression refers to major depression that some women experience during pregnancy or after delivery – which, in the latter case, is typically referred to as postpartum depression. Symptoms including extreme sadness, crying, anxiety, appetite disturbance and exhaustion can make it difficult to handle the challenges of pregnancy or caring for a new child.
#3 Psychotic Depression.
This is major depression accompanied by psychosis, or psychotic symptoms, including delusions, or false beliefs, and hallucinations – seeing or hearing things that aren’t there. These delusions and hallucinations are frequently related to the person’s depressed feelings, like hearing critical voices telling the individual that he or she doesn’t deserve to live.
#4 Seasonal Affective Disorder.
Also referred to as seasonal or winter depression, it tends to coincide with the changing seasons. Symptoms, from feeling depressed to having low energy, typically begin and end around the same time each year, frequently lasting from the late fall or early winter and going away in the spring and summer.
#5 Depression Occurring With Bipolar Disorder.
Bipolar disorder differs from depression since it involves alternating periods of unusually intense emotion. But along with manic episodes marked by extreme elation, sufferers also experience depressive episodes. Sometimes the same mood episode features both manic and depressive symptoms.